Why was the last battle of the War of 1812 fought fully half a year after the official end of the war?

As part of my research to answer this question, I came across a mention of the June 30, 1815 battle between the USS Peacock and the East India cruiser Nautilus (in the Indian Ocean) as being officially the last battle of the War of 1812.

Why did this battle occur so long—fully half a year—after the December 24, 1814, Treaty of Ghent, which officially ended the War of 1812?

Did the two ships involved simply not know about the treaty, or did they choose to fight because of some other factor?

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