The offside rules has a major impact on the way football is played by making it more difficult to play a simple offside trap or in the past by stopping “goal hanging”. I was wondering what other sports have an offside rule as well and does anyone know how the offside rule in that sport affects the way it is played?
There is an offside rule in (ice) hockey, which essentially means a player cannot just hang out the attacking 1/3 of the rink and wait for the puck to be passed to him.
There is also an offside rule in rugby which seems to differ a bit with respect to the two major disciplines of the sport (union and league). The difference between offside in football and offside in rugby appears to lie in the reference point to which the position of the player is compared, in rugby that is the ball whereas in football it is the second last defender (including the goalkeeper).
While it’s not called “offside”, there is a similar rule in basketball, called 3-second-violation. Here you can read a nice summary of the offensive and defensive 3-second violation calls. Note that this rule exists under FIBA regulations (art. 26) as well as NBA regulations (Rule 10, sections 7 & 8).